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翘头案:“飞角”翘出一方雅致 [复制链接]

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明·黄花梨雕龙纹翘头案



  案类家具是明代最普遍使用的家具形制之一。由于案和条形桌在造型上有些相似,人们往往称大型的为案,小型的为桌。严格来说,案和桌是有区别的,其最大的区别在于,桌的四腿在桌面四角且成直角,而案的四足不在四角而缩进案面,且多夹头榫,两腿之间多镶有雕刻板心或圈口。

  案类家具中的条案包括平头案和翘头案两种,平头案一般案面平整,且四足缩进案面,两挡板多为雕刻装饰。翘头案无束腰,案面两端装有翘起的“飞角”,如同羊角一般,健壮优美,故称“翘头案”。翘头案的长度一般都超过宽度几倍以上,所以又称“翘头案”为“条案”。

  雅而尚礼 文不失秀

  与平头案相比,翘头案以神赋形,具有稳重端庄的特点,是一件极其风雅的器物,往往被用于寺院或公堂判案中,后多见于名门贵族中,渐被文雅之士用作于书牍文案以及摆设装饰,充分展现出了雅而尚礼、文不失秀的审美境界,也反映了中华民族审美情趣与审美理想的演变过程,更具艺术性、装饰性和实用性。

  翘头案的形式多种多样,别具风貌。按时期而言,明清两代的翘头案较为典型,明式作品洒脱自然,清式作品大气实用。按做法不同,则有夹头榫和插肩榫之分。翘头案雕饰精美,线条流畅,艺术价值极高,其本身就是一件颇有装饰意义的艺术品,轻灵而又不失庄重,可以给人视觉上的美感。

  无论明式翘头案还是清式翘头案,都极其浑成质朴、生动有力、雅致耐看。如黄花梨龙纹翘头案,取黄花梨为料,案面装独板,尽显黄花梨天然之美。两端微微起翘头,飘逸灵动。运用夹头榫结构,牙头浮雕草叶龙纹和拐子纹,牙板光素无饰。腿足外撇,两侧腿间镶挡板,云形开光,内部镂空雕饰蟠龙穿花吐瑞场景,祥云、花卉围绕其左右。造型古朴,纹理秀美,工艺细腻,刀法舒展流畅,堪称一件上品,让人赏心悦目。

  不失威严 点亮厅堂

  中式厅堂的家具布置往往讲究庄重、对称、和谐,而翘头案则是中式厅堂中不可或缺的重器,也有着传统上的固定陈设。翘头案一般依墙而置,放置在大厅内与门相对的位置,一般摆在厅堂正中一间的北墙或宫殿内两侧墙下,如正中一间为过厅,且迎面有屏门,则将翘头案摆在屏门之前,案上面放置一些瓷瓶类、镜子类等器物,一是因为瓶类的容纳功能,二是因为中式家居处处重视吉祥、安宁,瓶类器物一般不会移动、改变,取“平静”的谐音,寓意“平平(瓶)安安(案)”。案前放方桌,方桌两边放置椅子,又或者一侧放置一张三围罗汉榻,上摆炕桌,榻上备靠枕,榻两侧各陈放一张茶几,可摆花石盆景或香炉,侧后靠翘头案一端摆放落地式红木灯架。对面一侧并列陈置两组扶手椅或圈椅,每组两椅一几。翘头案上方墙壁可挂字画或挂屏,厅内可摆放绿植,以点缀空间。

  在现代中式风格的设计上,往往是通过各个传统元素符号进行一番渲染,将中国传统艺术进行了一番精彩的演绎。翘头案的实际功能,则更多的是使空间兼得一方雅致的同时又不失威严之感。一是被摆放于大门口,案上置放瓷器;其次,置于居室内的中间位置,案上供奉历史人物雕像,用一对青铜瓷器进行点缀,两侧再配以大青花瓷花瓶,使得整个空间更具有亲和力;再者,可置放两对禅椅或南官帽椅配以花几,与西式皮质沙发、西式吊灯配套成堂,另对面摆放翘头案,展现一种秩序之美,中西合璧共同构成一番独特的景象,表达出一份内敛的瑰丽;另外,也可在玄关以及隔断之处,摆放翘头长案,释放出开朗的气质。
最后编辑青城北里 最后编辑于 2015-03-23 09:02:45
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很漂亮,中国汉人文化的精华!
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