张雄艺术网论坛

分享到:
发新话题 回复该主题

痕都斯坦莲纹玉碗鉴藏 [复制链接]

1#


痕都斯坦莲纹玉碗


  最近我看到旅美工艺美术大师曹平的旧作莲纹玉碗,其精美程度无法用文字来表述,仿佛是天上仙人之物,堪称玉中精品。


  莲纹玉碗共有两只,是典型的痕都斯坦工艺。莲纹玉碗壁厚一毫米,内壁晶莹光滑,外壁薄意莲花,透过光线,从内壁也能清清楚楚看见外壁的莲纹图案,在每个碗外壁镶上四颗红宝石,就好比白雪中盛开的红牡丹,白红相配,恰到好处。


  前几年,曹平在创作一件玉雕作品,需要将该作品内部镂空,当掏出白玉中间一块半圆形状的玉石时,发现内部质地非常好,真是难得的一块好料。曹平一时有点顾此失彼,停下手中的活开始琢磨手中这块半圆形和田白玉,思索良久,决定雕一只玉碗。按传统的做法,把半圆中间挖掉一些,内壁光滑,外壁浅雕花卉或奇型异兽,似碗即可,但曹平觉得这样做浪费太多,实在是太可惜,最后决定采用痕都斯坦风格雕一只玉碗,中间部分可作它用。痕都斯坦是地名,也是玉雕技法中的一脉发祥地,因为它的玉器雕琢工艺与中原不一样,深受当时皇宫大臣的喜欢。痕都斯坦玉匠喜用纯色的玉材雕琢,即一器一色,尤多选用白玉或青白玉,透明晶莹。这与中国传统玉器的留玉皮或杂色玉雕,形成了鲜明的对比。当地人相信玉做的食具可以避毒,故一般多为实用的碗、杯、洗、盘、壶等饮食器皿,不见中国玉器中常见的礼玉和佩玉。这些玉器的装饰很有当地文化特点,有些在器壁上镶嵌金、银细丝及红、绿、黄、蓝等各色宝石或玻璃;花纹装饰多为植物花叶,以莨苕、西番莲和铁线莲为主;用异色宝石镶嵌装饰等。除了这些装饰手法,还采用水磨技术,胎体透薄,有“西昆玉工巧无比,水磨磨玉薄如纸”之说。


  因为痕都斯坦工艺中的一个特点是玉件胎体透薄如纸,所以曹平在掏料时小心翼翼地套出两个碗体,每个碗体的厚度约一毫米左右,薄薄的碗体拿在手上都不敢用力,就怕一不小心给捏碎了。按照痕都斯坦的风格特点,曹平选用薄意莲纹。在中国传统文化里,对莲花都有很高的评价,莲花出淤泥而不染,表示纯洁自好;而碗是盛放食品器皿,是放最干净的东西的,将莲花薄意在玉碗上,寓意自然就很清楚了。我们都知道,玉比玻璃硬,但玉的韧性极差,在一毫米厚的玉坯上薄意花卉,如果一个点用力过大,那么整个薄坯就会碎掉,雕琢这两个玉碗对曹平是信心、毅力、技术的考验。


  历时半年有余,两个莲纹玉碗可以说全部完工,但用痕都斯坦工艺来衡量,还差镶嵌金银或宝石,曹平斟酌再三,用四颗红宝石镶嵌在玉碗的四周,红宝石表示心意,寓意用这个洁白无瑕的玉碗和一片真心招待四方来宾。

最后编辑wycd156625245 最后编辑于 2015-05-12 09:25:27
分享 转发
TOP
2#

Zen Cart!, The Art of E-commerce

<strong><a href="http://www.topreplicawatches.me/">chanel watches</a></strong><br>
<strong><a href="http://www.topreplicawatches.me/">breitling watches</a></strong><br>
[b][url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/]fake luxury watches[/url][/b][b]<a href="http://www.topreplicawatches.me/">replica watches</a>[/b][b]<a href="http://www.topreplicawatches.me/">swiss replica watches</a>[/b]
Zen Cart!, The Art of E-commerce
language:
        [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/de/]        Deutsch[/url]  
        [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/fr/]        Français[/url]  
        [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/it/]        italiano[/url]  
        [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/es/]                Español[/url]  
        [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/pt/]        Português[/url]  
        [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/jp/]        日本語[/url]  
        <a href="http://www.topreplicawatches.me/ru/">
        <img src="http://www.topreplicawatches.me/langimg/ruicon.gif" alt="russian" title=" russian " height="15" width="24"></a>  
        [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/ar/]        arabic[/url]  
        [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/no/]        norwegian[/url]  
        [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/sv/]        swedish[/url]  
        [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/da/]        danish[/url]  
        [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/nl/]        Nederlands[/url]  
        [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/fi/]        finland[/url]  
        [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/ie/]        ireland[/url]  
        [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/]        English[/url]  
        


  
          Welcome!
            [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/index.php?main_page=login]Sign In[/url]
    or    [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/index.php?main_page=create_account]Register[/url]
            
  
  
  [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/index.php?main_page=shopping_cart]Powered by Zen Cart :: The Art of E-Commerce[/url]Your cart is empty    
  

   [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/]Powered by Zen Cart :: The Art of E-Commerce[/url]
    


      

  
    
        
    
        
            [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/index.php]Home[/url]
        [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/top-brand-watches-c-1.html]Top Brand watches[/url]
        <a href="http://www.topreplicawatches.me/luxury-brand-watches-c-38.html">Luxury Brand Watches</a>
        [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/midrange-brand-watches-c-70.html]Mid-Range Brand Watches[/url]
        
    
    
<a href="http://www.topreplicawatches.me/top-brand-watches-a-lange-s%F6hne-c-1_719.html">A. Lange &amp; Sohne</a>
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/top-brand-watches-audemars-piguet-c-1_724.html]Audemars Piguet[/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/top-brand-watches-blancpain-c-1_716.html]Blancpain[/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/top-brand-watches-breguet-c-1_11.html]Breguet[/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/top-brand-watches-glash%FCtte-c-1_739.html]Glashutte[/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/top-brand-watches-jaegerlecoultre-c-1_728.html]Jaeger-LeCoultre[/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/top-brand-watches-patek-philippe-c-1_2.html]Patek Philippe[/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/top-brand-watches-piaget-c-1_23.html]Piaget[/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/top-brand-watches-vacheron-constantin-c-1_707.html]Vacheron Constantin[/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/luxury-brand-watches-cartier-c-38_770.html]Cartier Watches[/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/luxury-brand-watches-concord-c-38_796.html]Concord Watches[/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/luxury-brand-watches-hermes-c-38_790.html]Hermes Watches[/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/luxury-brand-watches-iwc-c-38_47.html]IWC Watches[/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/luxury-brand-watches-omega-c-38_39.html]Omega Watches[/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/luxury-brand-watches-panerai-c-38_798.html]Panerai Watches[/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/luxury-brand-watches-rolex-c-38_55.html]Rolex Watches[/url]
<a href="http://www.topreplicawatches.me/luxury-brand-watches-tag-heuer-c-38_758.html">TAG Heuer Watches</a>
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/luxury-brand-watches-tudor-c-38_743.html]Tudor Watches[/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/midrange-brand-watches-longines-c-70_71.html]Longines Watches[/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/midrange-brand-watches-tissot-c-70_92.html]Tissot Watches[/url]

          
    
  
        
                [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/luxury-brand-watches-rolex-c-38_55.html][/url]
                [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/luxury-brand-watches-iwc-c-38_47.html][/url]
                [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/luxury-brand-watches-omega-c-38_39.html][/url]
                [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/top-brand-watches-patek-philippe-c-1_2.html][/url]
        [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/luxury-brand-watches-tag-heuer-c-38_758.html][/url]
        [url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/luxury-brand-watches-cartier-c-38_770.html][/url]
        
        
  

Currencies
  US Dollar
  Euro
  GB Pound
  Canadian Dollar
  Australian Dollar
  Jappen Yen
  Norske Krone
  Swedish Krone
  Danish Krone
  CNY
Categories
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/longinesnbspnbsp-c-9.html]Longines  [/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/rolexnbspnbsp-c-16.html]Rolex  [/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/audemars-piguetnbspnbsp-c-2.html]Audemars Piguet  [/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/breitlingnbspnbsp-c-3.html]Breitling  [/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/hublotnbspnbsp-c-7.html]Hublot  [/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/movado-c-10.html]Movado[/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/omeganbspnbsp-c-11.html]Omega  [/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/patek-philippenbspnbsp-c-13.html]Patek Philippe  [/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/radonbspnbsp-c-15.html]Rado  [/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/tag-heuernbspnbsp-c-17.html]Tag Heuer  [/url]
<a class="category-top" href="http://www.topreplicawatches.me/tudornbspnbsp-c-18.html">Tudor  </a>
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/ulysse-nardinnbspnbsp-c-19.html]Ulysse Nardin  [/url]
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/zenithnbspnbsp-c-21.html]Zenith  [/url]
    
    Home
Home
There are no products to list in this category.

  

[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/index.php]Home[/url]  
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/index.php?main_page=shippinginfo]Shipping[/url]  
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/index.php?main_page=Payment_Methods]Wholesale[/url]  
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/index.php?main_page=shippinginfo]Order Tracking[/url]  
<a style="color:#000; font:12px;" href="http://www.topreplicawatches.me/index.php?main_page=Coupons">Coupons</a>  
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/index.php?main_page=Payment_Methods]Payment Methods[/url]  
[url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/index.php?main_page=contact_us]Contact Us[/url]  
        [url=http://www.copyomegawatches.com/]REPLICA OMEGA[/url]  
        <a style="font-weight:bold; color:#000;" href="http://www.replicapatekwatches.com/" target="_blank">REPLICA PATEK PHILIPPE </a>  
        [url=http://www.copyrolexshop.com/]REPLICA ROLEX [/url]  
        [url=http://www.bestiwcwatches.com]REPLICA IWC [/url]  
        [url=http://www.cartieronlinesale.com/]REPLICA CARTIER [/url]  
        [url=http://www.worthfakewatches.com/top-brand-watches-c-1.html]TOP BRAND WATCHES [/url]  
<a href="http://www.topreplicawatches.me/top-brand-watches-glash%FCtte-c-1_739.html" ><IMG src="http://www.topreplicawatches.me/includes/templates/polo/images/payment.png" width="672" height="58"></a>
Copyright © 2012 All Rights Reserved.
[b][url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/]chanel watches[/url][/b]
[b][url=http://www.topreplicawatches.me/]breitling watches[/url][/b]


[url=http://buypandora.webs.com]  watches  blog [/url]

[url=http://replicawatches4711.webs.com] watches  [/url]

<a href="http://watchescompany7.webs.com"> About topreplicawatches.me blog </a>
TOP
3#

nike cheap nike

<ul><li><strong><a href="http://www.nikefreerun0.com/">nike cheap nike</a></strong></li><li><strong><a href="http://www.nikefreerun0.com/">nike cheap nike</a></strong></li><li><strong><a href="http://www.nikefreerun0.com/">cheap nike shoes</a></strong></li></ul><br>
<strong><a href="http://www.nikefreerun0.com/">Nike Air Max</a></strong><br>
<strong><a href="http://www.nikefreerun0.com/">Nike Factory Outlet</a></strong><br>
olesale Dvd disks at cut price prices- you assure yourself of the most useful sales together with, therefore, the larger net profits in substitution for your sales.To explain to you additional, I started searching online for an important wholesale CD list that may give me the values I needed both my own DVD selection and your store via the web.I determined them, it had taken me countless testing hours to trust, trust and additionally certify seeing that reliable.What's even better, the BLU-RAY distributors i always found will be profitable- in the event you decide to construct a CD store business at some point either on-line or real world.<br />
<br />
Buying DVDs on cheap selling prices is doable.It all depends on genital herpes virus treatments consider low priced and from quality.I are aware that I at this moment always pay for distributors which usually sell top quality DVDs located at prices that almost all regular people should not have ideas down.While many people are spending money on In-demand proverbial box office revealed DVDs by $22.99 plus cutting edge, online electricity sellers similar to me are having them at as much as 96% the normal prices.Getting such prices intended for DVDs can get you both an exceedingly big degree of DVDs together with a guaranteed expand in earnings when ordering them with the right time within the right their distributors like I always.Wish you will the good luck in your current DVD discounts.[b][url=http://www.nikefreerun0.com/]nike cheap nike[/url][/b][b]<a href="http://www.nikefreerun0.com/">nike cheap nike</a>[/b][b][url=http://www.nikefreerun0.com/]cheap nike shoes[/url][/b]
[b]<a href="http://www.nikefreerun0.com/">nike cheap nike</a>[/b][b][url=http://www.nikefreerun0.com/]nike cheap nike[/url][/b][b][url=http://www.nikefreerun0.com/]cheap nike shoes[/url][/b]
[b][url=http://www.nikefreerun0.com/]Nike Air Max[/url][/b]
[b][url=http://www.nikefreerun0.com/]Nike Factory Outlet[/url][/b]
olesale Dvd disks at cut price prices- you assure yourself of the most useful sales together with, therefore, the larger net profits in substitution for your sales.To explain to you additional, I started searching online for an important wholesale CD list that may give me the values I needed both my own DVD selection and your store via the web.I determined them, it had taken me countless testing hours to trust, trust and additionally certify seeing that reliable.What's even better, the BLU-RAY distributors i always found will be profitable- in the event you decide to construct a CD store business at some point either on-line or real world.
Buying DVDs on cheap selling prices is doable.It all depends on genital herpes virus treatments consider low priced and from quality.I are aware that I at this moment always pay for distributors which usually sell top quality DVDs located at prices that almost all regular people should not have ideas down.While many people are spending money on In-demand proverbial box office revealed DVDs by $22.99 plus cutting edge, online electricity sellers similar to me are having them at as much as 96% the normal prices.Getting such prices intended for DVDs can get you both an exceedingly big degree of DVDs together with a guaranteed expand in earnings when ordering them with the right time within the right their distributors like I always.Wish you will the good luck in your current DVD discounts.

<a href="http://kidsuggboots478.webs.com">  nike  blog </a>

[url=http://fashionhandbags74.webs.com] nike  [/url]

[url=http://chanelbagsoutletstores77.webs.com] About  blog [/url]
TOP
分享到:
发新话题 回复该主题